Central America is full of ancient history, with lots of wars and battles led by the state, rival settlements in Asia and Europe and numerous natural disasters can also be added to this mix. Below we present certain key historical places that should be included in the list of any traveler.
Stone Spheres, Costa Rica
Known as Las Bolas by the local population, these mysterious spheres are part of the Diquís culture, which existed in Costa Rica from approximately 700 to 1530 of our era. They enjoy great popularity in Costa Rica, where there are many of them throughout the country. There are numerous myths surrounding these spheres, including that they are native to Atlantis.
Nohmul was discovered around 900 AD. C. and has never been accessible to tourists, it was recently demolished by a road construction team. John Morris, associate research director at the Belize Institute of Archeology, said: "The Archeology Institute will take this opportunity to really launch a national awareness campaign for the conservation and protection of the country.
Tikal was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It goes back to the fourth century BC. C., and is one of the largest Mayan archeological sites, with a great variety of temples, structures, sculptures, tombs and statues.
Copan Ruins, Honduras
The Copan Ruins are a popular tourist attraction for those interested in the architecture and sculptures of the Mayan civilization and, most famously, the Hieroglyphic Staircase (pictured). The Copan Ruins area has been the subject of numerous studies in Central America.
Howler Monkey Statue, Copan, Honduras
Howler monkeys are famous in the Mayan Civilization, where they were considered as gods. This well preserved statue in Copan is one of the best known examples. The American explorer John Lloyd Stephens described them as "serious and solemn, as if they were emotionally hurt, as if they acted as guardians of the consecrated land."
Tazumal, Chalchuapa, El Salvador
Its literal translation is 'the pyramid (or place) where the victims were burned', Tazumal offers some of the most important and best preserved ruins in all of Central America. It is estimated that there were settlements on this site dating back to 5000 BC. In this place numerous objects have been discovered, among others a life-size statue of Xipe Totec, Nahuatl god.
Temple of the Masks, Lamanai, Belize
The Mayan temple of Lamanai is covered in stone masks, which share many similar characteristics with Olmec iconography. Another wall of the Temple of the Masks, which was discovered by archaeologists in 2011, shows identical patterns, a typical feature of Mayan architecture.
Jesus Company, Panama City, Panama
Built around 1741 and served as a religious school, church and university, this ancient structure fell into oblivion after a fire in 1781 and after an earthquake in 1882. Restoration work began in 1983 and it is expected that be available for public access in the future.
Olmec Colossal Heads, Guatemala (and Mexico)
Incredible heads of the Mesoamerican Olmec Civilization, of which the location of 17 of them is known. These heads date from around 900 a. C., or maybe before. Most of them are the states of Tabasco and Veracruz in Mexico. And one of them is in Takalik Abaj, Guatemala.
And you? Which one do you prefer?
Isaac and Paula, dreaming with their eyes open